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Abortion

Autor: Monika
E-mail: vaskovicova@pobox.sk

Woman plays and played very important play in human life, however I must confess, that man also. With woman can we use so many attributions that no excellent writer, poet or singer could ever tire out these attributions. For example woman – wife, woman – mother, woman – love, woman – beauty, and woman – care…The most important place takes in our life woman – mother. Mother is someone who should always stay beside you, even if it ś good or bad. But not every woman wants to be a mother and this has been always a big problem in our society. If the God does really exist, why did he take the gift of having a baby women, who wants to have a children and gave woman, who don’t really want? It's a very difficult religious question. Woman isn’t God and therefore she hasn’t right to kill her baby. But where is God, when the woman becomes pregnant in very unpleasant way like incest or rape? I don’t think, that it's the question of religion, because not everybody believes in God. Unfortunately this problem isn’t just question of religion, but also of humanism.
In the ancient world, abortion wasn’t common, but infanticide was widely practiced. Because abortion was so often fatal to the mother. The only methods known then were two: One method was to give certain poisons to the mother and hope the unborn child would die; often the mother also died. The other method was to physically abuse the mother's abdomen to induce abortion, which sometimes fatally injured her. And nowadays? Nowadays is abortion much common than before. Human life is just relative value.
The first question in the entire abortion controversy is: "Is this human life?" or "When is this human life?" Only then can we discuss the conflict between the rights of the woman and the rights of the "baby." In medicine and natural science is it easy to say, that the small piece of tissue - a glob of protoplasm - is a human life. Human life means that something is alive and biological belongs to the species Homo sapiens. Alive means that this being is growing and developing. It means not being death. Much difficult question is if this being is a person. We can’t say if it’s a person in philosophy or religion.
Abortion is today in most of the states and countries illegal. Throughout the U.S.'s 200-year history, the developing baby in the womb had been protected by law. Then, in 1967, the first state legalized abortion for a few "hard cases." In 1973, the U.S. Supreme Court decided that as long as the baby lived in the womb, it’s the property of its mother. Now, almost every third baby conceived in America is killed by abortion, a total of over 1-1/2 million babies a year. Today, every sixth baby conceived in Canada is killed in abortion and Canada's indigenous birth rate is also below replacement level. The laws vary. Germany still technically protects the unborn child, but abortionists go unpunished. In Holland, abortion is legal. Italy legalized abortion in a referendum. Spain's Socialist party has legalized abortion. Portugal legalized abortion for a few "hard cases." France's Parliament has legalized early abortion, as has Scandinavia's. There is no abortion in Moslem nations. In Israel the Moslem birth rate is far above that of the Jews, who permit abortion. China, particularly, is an open scandal, doing compulsory abortions into the third trimester after the first child. So, there as we can see, there are only a few countries, where abortion is legal.
I’d like to point out at the abortion techniques, which are in my opinion very unpleasant. Some techniques in the first trimester aren’t so danger, than the others, which are later, but the infection can easily develop if any fetal or placental tissue is left behind in the uterus. The most common abortion technique is suction aspiration (vacuum curettage). The powerful suction tube is inserted into the womb and dismembers the body of developing baby and tears placenta from the wall. Everything gets into a collection bottle. In the second trimester is very often used evacuation, salt poisoning, and partial – birth abortion….

To solve problem of abortion is quite difficult. The question of life has been always difficult to solve, because no one can tell, if it’s good to kill the person or not. The small tissue of placenta, which is developing in mother’s womb, is life, that’s no question, and has right for life. But what about woman’s rights over her body? "After all, it is my body. Do I not have a right to control it? A right to determine what happens in it? Do I not have a right to reproductive freedom, to decide whether or not, or when, to become a mother? If there is a child in my body, and I do not want him there, do I not have the right to remove him? Do I have a duty to sustain him? Can I not expel him from my womb? Is this not what an abortion amounts to? If he is a threat to my life or well-being, can I not defend myself by expelling him? In short, I have a right over my body, and if I have an unwanted pregnancy, I can terminate it by having an abortion." Yes, I agree, woman has rights but also duties. If it’s really unwanted pregnancy, we should think about life of the child, who will maybe be put into some of the numerous orphanages. Therefore it’s better to have an abortion in the first trimester, what’s not so dangerous. I still think that legal abortions must be at least marginally safer than illegal abortions. Certainly women who suffer physical complications can get emergency medical treatment faster now without being afraid of becoming involved in a criminal investigation. I know, that’s only the health benefit of legalized abortion, but shouldn’t have a woman just a small right over her body, just one exceptions in „ hard cases“. I suppose that everybody must consider this small solution in the big problem as a friendly for both sides.

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