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AUSTRÁLIA

The area of Australia is about 7,7mil.km2.It hes 15mil. inhabitans.The density is low,only 2 per km2. It's a federation of 6 states:New South Wales,Victoria,Queensland,South Australia,Western Australia and Tasmania and 3 teritories:Northern Territory,Corral Sea Islands Territory,Capital Territory with Canbera.Australia is a monarchy within the British commenwealth and the british Queen it's his head represented in Australia by a governer.The real power is excercised by the federal parliament and the goverment.In 1770 captain Cook discovered the eastern coast of Australia and landed in Botany Bay.In 1788 a british convict colony was founded there,which grow up into the largest city-SYDNEY. Sydney has 3mil. inhabitans.It's busy,financial,industrial and cultural center with many factories, number of theatres,concert halls,sports facilities and the oldest university on Australias soil.Sydney is one of the best seaports and airports.Harbour bridge which is very high over the sea level and the modern building at the edge of the sea is Operahous projected by swedish architekt.There are many beaches over 30.All the beaches are easily accestible by a car or public transport.The beaches and sea provide excellent water sports-swimming ,surfing.Swimmer must prevent collisions with sharks. CANBERA: the federal capital,the newest city.It was built after argues between Sydney and Melbourne.It's the seat of parliament and government.It has about 1/4mil. inhabitans.MELBOURNE: second largest city.It hes 2.7mil. inhabitans.It's busy.....city.It's also commercial centre.Summer olympic games were held in Melbourne.Another large centres are>Bristone,Perth,Adelaide=anual festivals of arts.DARWIN:It hes 43 000 inhabitans.One of the important city in the north in tropical zone.In 1974 it was devasted by a cyclone and it has been rebuild quickly.ALICE SPRINGS:small town in the centre of Australia.It's tourist atraction because being geografical centre of Australia. AYERS ROCK:tourist atraction.300 km from Alice Springs.It's gigant rock formation=monolite.It's 3.5km long and 600m high.PERTH:one of the big city situated on west coast of Australia.It's important seaport....HOBART:the capital of Tasmania.It's the second oldest city behind Sydney. There are preserved historical buildings from 18.century.Centre of food,paper and poligrafic industry. TASMANIA:is a major producer and exporter of tined food.Most of the Australian people are of british or irish descent.The number of original inhabitans Aborigines has declined.There are only 40 000 and in reservations.Australia is highly developed industrial agricultural country.There are over 130mil. sheep,25mil. cattle.Australia is the higgest producer of:wool,weat,sugar-came and fruits. The highest mountains are Australian Alps,with the highest peak Mount Kosciusco.It's 220km from Melbourne skiing slopes provide excellent winter sports.There are a lot of deserts and 2 types:stony and sandy.Lake Eucumbene is a large water reservoir.The typical tree of Australia is eucalyptus. Typical landscape with termite mound.There are many strange animals:emu,coala bear,platypus: has biil like duck,lays eggs like a hen,it has webbed feet but it's sucking milk,it's a mammel.Because of long isolation from other cintinents there live many strange animals.Coala bears are fed on eucalyptus leaves.NEW ZELAND:is an island country and 2000 km far from Australia.The area is 270 000km2 and population is 3mil.It consists of two island,north and south.70% of population live on north island.There are activ vulcanoes,hot springs and geysers in the north island and glaciers in south island.It's member of commenwelth....The original inhebitans are Maories they are only 8%. WELLINGTON:is a capital of New Zeland and a busy seaport.New Zeland is a wealthy country.It produces wool,mutton,skins,butter and another daisy products.

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