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Welcome to Slovakia

The Slovak Republic is situated in the heart of Europe. It
covers an area of 49 039 km2. It borders in the north on Poland,
in the south on Hungary and Austria, in the west on the Czech
Republic and in the east on Ukrajine. The capital of Slovakia is
Bratislava and it lies on the river Danube.

Geography
Slovakia is divided into the 3 parts/region. West region,
Middle region and East region. Slovakia territory isn't big. It
is famous for its mountains which are impressive. Up to one half
of Slovakia's territory is taken up by the Carpathian Arch. The
Carpathian mountain range is a range of moderate mountains. It
consists of several smaller ranges: the Small Carpathians and the
White Carpathians, the Small Fatra and the High Fatra, the High
Tatras and the Low Tatras and the Slovak Rudohorie Mountains
.
The highest point of the Tatras is Gerlachovský štít(peak
2355m)
.
In Slovakia there are also Podunajsk and Košick lowland. The
longest river is the V h which flows into the river Danube. Other
big rivers are the Danube, the Hron, the Poprad and the Ipeľ. The
Danube flows into the Black Sea. They are exploited as a natural
source of energy - the dams - Lipt.Mara, Gabčíkovo.

Climate
Climate in Slovakia is mild. The warmest regions are at the
Southern Slovak Plains and the Easter Slovak lowland, where
average temperature is 10 oC. In the High Tatras is the average
temperature about 3oc. The coldest month is January (in the
mountains is a lot of snow) and the warmest is July(its very hot
and sunny).

Population
Slovakia has 5 268 935 inhabitants. The ethnic break down of
the population is 85.5% Slovak, 11% Hungarian and the remaining
is made up of Gipsis, Czechs, Ukrainians and Germans. The
official language is Slovak.

The System of Government
A head of the state is a president. The president is elected by
the National Council through a secret ballot vote for 5-years
term. The president appoints and dismisses the Prime Minister and
other members of the government. Michal Kov č was elected as the
first President of the Slovak Republic on March 3rd, 1993.
The national Council of the Slovak Republic is the only
parliamentary body. It has 150 deputies, who are elected for
4-years term in universal, direct, secret ballot elections.

Economy
C
onsists from industry and agriculture. We export mostly
industry products and import raw materials and food. Our
production of wheat, corn and potatoes is only on few plains of
the Slovak Republic. Because of the geography position and
counting conditions we can plant only some agricultural products:
mostly in Podunajsk plain and Košick plain. State owning of the
land has been canceled, so nowadays lots of people are trying to
plant the plants on their own. Slovakia has a good industry but
with on old technology. Lots of factories are becoming owned by
certain people not by state. But there is a big number of
factories with a state production that employ quite a lot of
people. The biggest are: Slovnaft Bratislava, Slovakofarma
Hlohovcec, Považské stroj rne, Celulózky a papierne Ružomberok,
Košice steel works, Chemlon Humenné and St.Nicolaus in
Lipt.Mikul š
.

History
5th century - Slavonic tribes, from which the Slovaks derive
833 - The Great Moravian Empire was established. The state
organization is among the most important cultural,
historical and political milestones of Slovak history
863 - the Byzantine brothers Cyril and Methodius had a mission to
Great Moravia. they invented the first Slavonic alphabet -
Hlaholithic and translated liturgical books.
16th century - the Austria - Hungarian monarchy
18-19th century - national fights for rights
1843 - Ľudovít Štúr codified the first official Slovak language
1918 - the Czecho-Slovak Republic was created after the
disintegration of the Austria-Hungarian Monarchy
1938 - first SR
1.1.1993 - The Declaration of an Independent and sovereign Slovak
Republic after the collaps of Czecho-Slovakia

Traditions
- welcoming with bread and salt
- Easter:- drenching with water and beating with willow canes
- symbols: eggs, bunnies
- throwing the Morena figure into water as a symbol of leaving
winter
- April fools day
- 24th June - making fires - a magic night
- Christmas - cutting apples

Tourism
There are over 270 castles in Slovakia. The most famous
of them are Spišský, Oravský, Strečno and Bojnický. Slovakia has
also many historical towns (Kremnica, B.Štiavnica, B.Bystrica,
Levoča and Nitra). Levoča is famous for altar of Master John Paul
in Saint Jacob's church. Many historical buildings have typical
architecture of the 16th, 17th century.
Slovakia's mountains are centres of winter sports. In winter
many foreign tourists visit our ski centres (Jasn , Roh če,
Martinské hole, the Low Tatras). In summer we can find many
tourists at many lakes (Senecké lakes...). Slovakia is famous for
the thermal springs in Piesťany, Trenčianske and Rajecké teplice,
Bardejov ...

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